Conceptual Differences Between Islam and Christianity

TERMS ISLAM CHRISTIANITY
God Creator of the Universe; One Almighty God; Spirit Creator of the Universe; One Almighty God; Triune: Father-Son-Holy Spirit; Spirit
World Creation of God in Linear Time Creation of God in Linear Time
Man Creation of God, God’s Agent in the World Creation of God; Made in God’s Image
Sin Violation of Sharia Violation of God’s Law; Violation of Love
Abraham Father of Ishmael, Chosen of God Father of Ishmael and Isaac; But, Isaac is Chosen for the Messianic Line
Salvation By Good Works By Grace of God; By Faith in The Atoning Sacrifice of Jesus
Angels Angels of God Angels of God
Demons Some Jinns are Good; Evil Spirits Exist; Arch-demon: Satan Fallen Angels; Arch-demon; Satan
Spiritual Power Magic Powers Power of Holy Spirit
Jesus Christ Prophet of God; Born of Virgin; Will Return at End of Times Son of God; Incarnated for Atonement of Sins; Will Return at End of Times
Bible Torah and Gospels are God-Given; But, Modern Versions Are Corrupted Inspired; Infallible; Inerrant
Heaven Jannah- Paradise; Place of Comfort and Pleasure Dwelling Place of God
Hell Place of Torment Place of Torment
Politics Religion and State Are Indivisible Caesar and Temple Are Separate
Holy Places Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem No Geographical City on Earth
Temple Mosques The Body of Believer is Temple of God
Offerings Meritorious Dedication; Belongedness
Initiation to Discipleship Circumcision (Tahara: Purification) – not considered compulsory Baptism
Pilgrimage Hajj – Meritorious None
Sacrifice dabiha– at Eid-ul-Adha in remembrance of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice Ishmael Christ is the True and Final Sacrifice for the Sins of the World
Prayer Namaz, Salaat Personal, Corporate
Almsgiving Meritorious Pure Religion (Non-Meritorious)
Religious Leader Any Educated or Respected Figure; Scholar (‘alim – Pl. ulamah) Pastor, Christian Ministers in the 5-Fold Ministry Gifts
Community Ummah – Commonwealth of Believers Church – Ecclesiastical
Resurrection Ummah – At the End of the Age At the End of the Age
Judgment Ummah – The Last Day: Judgement Day: God will Judge the Living and the Dead The Last Day: Judgement Day: God will Judge the Living and the Dead
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